The Amazon Basin is under increasing pressure from farming, ranching, illegal mining, and burning. There is a growing consensus that indigenous management is the best and cheapest way to protect ecosystems. Gaia Amazonas has spent forty years developing long-term partnerships with indigenous Amazon communities – they call this Accompaniment – that protect forest health and indigenous rights. Accompaniment helps communities become government-supported stewards of their own resources, secure land tenure and get basic services like education, healthcare, and livelihood support. Their work with indigenous governments was instrumental in the Colombian government’s recognition of 25M hectares of indigenous territory in the Colombian Amazon, an area bigger than California, and Gaia’s methodology for Accompaniment could work across the wider Amazon Basin.